As practical research to support reconstruction after the Kumamoto Earthquake, we provide the following activities while stationing in Mashiki-machi. We support planning and designing of the Earthquake Memorial Park with the collaboration of residents, support designing a highway which will be highly standardized, provide practical support for city planning along the streets, support planning and designing disaster-recovery public houses, support city planning intended to preserve the memory of the earthquake from generation to generation. We also visit sufferers at temporary houses for interviews, and ask for their opinions about their residences, analyze the reasons they changed their intention, and discuss to find methods to enhance efficiency and a better method for our interviews. Furthermore, we discovered some problems in the current system about the resettlement of sufferers through fact-finding investigations, so we suggest changing the current system.
In a comprehensive survey about disaster prevention and disaster risk management concerning the Kumamoto Earthquake, we check the resilience of the city by using a model of a five-story pagoda. To be specific, it categorizes the impact of Kumamoto Earthquake into five stages from a spacio-temporal point of view: Status of fault and earthquake (foundation) and damage to cultural assets (the first layer), responses of municipalities (the second layer) to damage, damage to social infrastructure (the third layer), damage to buildings (the fourth stage), impact to lives and economic activities (the fifth stage).
As for the activities based on the affected area mentioned above, we are planning to collaborate with other local universities which also have witnessed mega-earthquakes, including the Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake, the Chuetsu Earthquake, and the Great East Japan Earthquake. By comparing damage by earthquakes in other areas with that in Kumamoto, we shall integrate our knowledge, which will prove useful in times of disaster.